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geography

Moldova is a wine – producing country with millennial traditions, and the art of cultivating the vine is one of the oldest occupations on this territory. Our country is producing both red, white and rosé wines and brandies, dessert wines and sparkling wines.

The symbol of Moldovan wines is a flying white stork, and, as Moldovans care about their ancient traditions, the National Wine Day is celebrated annually on the second Sunday of October. This is a formalization of the old popular custom to call your relatives and friends to taste the new wine.


National production of grapes amounts to 650 thousand tons
, and the total area of vineyards in Moldova is 107,800 ha (without including the vines within the private households). Approximately 53,500 ha of vineyards are located in the Southern wine region of Moldova. Consequently, Moldova has the highest density of vine in the world, as it occupies almost 3.8% of the entire surface of the republic and 7% of the total area of arable land.

A favorable element for growing grape vines and producing wine is the moderate continental climate, as annual average temperatures are about  8 - 10°С. The thermal regime in the summer is very close to the one of the famous French and Italian vineyards, as shown not only by temperature indicators, but also by the high quality of the final wine product.

The characteristic weather conditions, along with the specific hilly landscape, crossed by rows of hills interspersed by valleys of rivers and ravines, create a perfect environment for growing grapes. The fertile soils of chernozem – covering around 75% of the soils of the country, as well as the favorable weather conditions are determining factors that contributed to the agrarian orientation of the national economy.

Our country is divided into four well-defined wine regions, which in turn are composed of  eight vineyards and 22 wine centers. The four wine regions – Balti, Codru, Stefan Voda and Valul lui Traian, are distinguished by their own climate and territory characteristics. Each region specializes in different varieties of grape-vines, among which the most valuable local and European varieties: Chardonnay, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Traminer, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Aligoté, Pinot Noir and Muscat Ottonel.

The producers in the Valul lui Traian region are specialized in producing red wines, which account for 60% of wine production. White wines account for of 35%, while the share of rosé wines is currently only 5% of the total amount of wines produced in the area.


Today, the wine production in Moldova has a great growth potential, with continuous trends of expanding foreign sales markets. Moldova has recently ranked among the 10 largest wine exporters in the world. An important contribution is the new generation of wineries in Moldova, the activity of which is focused exclusively on producing exceptional wines that comply with European quality standards.